Dr. Gardner's research is in environmental chemistry, pollution and toxicology. She received her Ph.D. in environmental toxicology from the University of Rochester in 1987. There she worked on projects involving the covalent binding of diethylstilbestrol (DES) to maternal and fetal tissues, the female reproductive effects of uranyl fluoride, the nephrotoxicity of inhaled uranyl fluoride, and the effects of inhaled nitrogen dioxide on vitamin E transport and tissue distribution. Dr. Gardner has worked in integrated pest management, researched the presence of toxicants in human breast milk, analyzed the environmental impact statements of energy transportation development, evaluated the use of hazardous waste in recycled glass products, and developed applications for air permits and economic development funds. She has an extensive background in assessing the risk to human health of brown fields, landfills, and commercial sites, especially with respect to their impact on groundwater. Most recently she has commented on proposals for monitoring wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent for contaminants of emerging concern, water plans, recycled water initiatives, classification and contamination of beaches, and overall efforts to reduce contamination of the ocean. She is a Lecturer with Potential Security of Employment in the Environmental Studies Department.